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I - Alphabetical Listing of Selected Important Terms and Concepts in Sustainable Development

Inclusive Process
“An inclusive process means that people who have a stake in the work of your organization {or community} participate in the planning process in an appropriate way. This does not mean that every client, funder, volunteer and staff member [or citizen or resident] must come to a joint consensus about what to do. It does mean that these interested individuals have a chance to be heard by the decision makers. “

(2004). Frequently Asked Questions - Strategic Planning -What are the key concepts and definitions? [online]. Alliance for Nonprofit Management. Available from: http://www.allianceonline.org/FAQ/strategic_planning/what_are_key_concepts.faq [Re-accessed: 07 March 2008].

“Enabling participation by everyone interested in or affected by an issue or activity.”

(2008). Sustainability: Glossary - Inclusivity [online]. Vancouver 2010. Available from: http://www.vancouver2010.com/en/Sustainability/Glossary [Re-accessed: 07 March 2008].

Industrial Agriculture
“Is a form of modern farming that refers to the industrialised production of livestock, poultry, fish and crops. The methods of industrial agriculture are technoscientific, economic, and political. They include inventions in agricultural machinery and farming methods, genetic tecnology, techniques for achieving economies of scale in production, the creation of new markets for consumption, the application of patent protection to genetic information, and global trade. These methods are widespread in developed nations and increasingly prevalent worldwide.” (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_agriculture ).

(2008). Industrial Agriculture [online]. Wikipedia. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_agriculture [Re-accessed: 07 March 2008].

Information for Decision-making and Participation
“Information for decision-making is the subject of Chapter 40 of Agenda 21, which emphasizes that, in sustainable development, everyone is a user and provider of information considered in the broad sense. That includes data, information, experience and knowledge. The need for information arises at all levels, from that of...” the grass-roots and individual levels to decision-makers at the national and international levels.

(2005). Sustainable Development Topics - Information for Decision-making [online]. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Division for Sustainable Development. Available from: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/sdissues/information/info.htm [Re-accessed: 07 March 2008].

ISO 14001 (International Organization for Standardization - Standard 140001)
“An international standard that sets requirements for Environmental Management Systems. Environmental Management Systems should address policy, planning, implementation/operation, checking/corrective action, and management review.”

(2008). Sustainability: Glossary - ISO 14001 [online]. Vancouver 2010. Available from: http://www.vancouver2010.com/en/Sustainability/Glossary [Re-accessed: 06 March 2008].


“The ISO 14000 family addresses “...environmental management. This means what [an] organization does to:
● minimize harmful effects on the environment caused by its activities, and to
● achieve continual improvement of its environmental performance.”

(2008). ISO 9000 and ISO 14001 [online]. ISO - International Organization for Standardization. Available from: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_standards/iso_9000_iso_14000.htm [Accessed: 07 March 2008].

Integrated Decision-making
“Chapter 8 of Agenda 21 calls on countries to improve or restructure the decision-making process so that consideration of socio-economic and environmental issues is fully integrated and a broader range of public participation assured. It also calls on countries to adopt national strategies for sustainable development (NSDS) that “should build upon and harmonize the various sectoral economic, social and environmental policies and plans that are operating in the country.”

(2005). Sustainable Development Topics - Integrated Decision-making [online]. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Division for Sustainable Development. Available from: http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/sdissues/decision_making/decision_making.htm [Re-accessed: 07 March 2008].

Institutional Arrangements
Formal human institutions (governments at all levels, industry, businesses, NGOs, or any other civil organisation), both individually and collectively, all need be actively involved in the practice of sustainable development. "Arrangements" arise between these "institutions" when any of them join together to work in some form of partnership required for the advancement of sustainable development.

Esakin, Thomas C. (2008). Important Terms, Concepts and International Agreements in Sustainable Development. Citation of unpublished document.